Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Can I use 7-Zip in a commercial organization?
Yes, 7-Zip is free software. You can use it on any computer. You don't need to register or pay for 7-Zip.
How can I set file associations to 7-Zip in Windows 7 and Windows Vista?
You must run 7-Zip File Manager in administrator mode. Right-click the icon of 7-Zip File Manager, and then click Run as administrator. Then you can change file associations and some other options.
Why 7z archives created by new version of 7-Zip can be larger than archives created by old version of 7-Zip?
New versions of 7-Zip (starting from version 15.06) use another file sorting order by default for solid 7z archives.
Old version of 7-Zip (before version 15.06) used file sorting "by type" ("by extension").
New version of 7-Zip supports two sorting orders:
- sorting by name - default order.
- sorting by type, if 'qs' is specified in Parameters field in "Add to archive" window, (or -mqs switch for command line version).
You can get big difference in compression ratio for different sorting methods, if dictionary size is smaller than total size of files. If there are similar files in different folders, the sorting "by type" can provide better compression ratio in some cases.
Note that sorting "by type" has some drawbacks. For example, NTFS volumes use sorting order "by name", so if an archive uses another sorting, then the speed of some operations for files with unusual order can fall on HDD devices (HDDs have low speed for "seek" operations).
You can increase compression ratio with the following methods:
- Increase dictionary size. It can help when 'qs' is not used.
- Specify 'qs' in Parameters field (or use -mqs switch for command line version).
If you think that unusual file order is not problem for you, and if better compression ratio with small dictionary is more important for you, use 'qs' mode.
Why can't 7-Zip open some ZIP archives?
In 99% of these cases it means that the archive contains incorrect headers. Other ZIP programs can open some archives with incorrect headers, since these programs just ignore errors.
If you have such archive, please don't call the 7-Zip developers about it. Instead try to find the program that was used to create the archive and inform the developers of that program that their software is not ZIP-compatible.
There are also some ZIP archives that were encoded with methods unsupported by 7-Zip, for example, WAVPack (WinZip).
Why does drag-and-drop archive extraction from 7-Zip to Explorer use temp files?
7-Zip doesn't know folder path of drop target. Only Windows Explorer knows exact drop target. And Windows Explorer needs files (drag source) as decompressed files on disk. So 7-Zip extracts files from archive to temp folder and then 7-Zip notifies Windows Explorer about paths of these temp files. Then Windows Explorer copies these files to drop target folder.
To avoid temp file usage, you can use Extract command of 7-Zip or drag-and-drop from 7-Zip to 7-Zip.
Why doesn't the command line version add files without extensions to an archive?
You're probably using a *.* wildcard. 7-Zip doesn't use the operating system's wildcard mask parser, and consequently treats *.* as any file that has an extension. To process all files you must use the * wildcard instead or omit the wildcard altogether.
Why doesn't -r switch work as expected?
In most cases you don't need -r switch. 7-Zip can compress subfolders even without -r switch.
7z.exe a c:\a.7z "C:\Program Files"
compresses "C:\Program Files" completely, including all subfolders.
7z.exe a -r c:\a.7z "C:\Program Files"
searches and compresses "Program Files" in all subfolders of C:\ (for example, in "C:\WINDOWS").If you need to compress only files with some extension, you can use -r switch:
7z a -r c:\a.zip c:\dir\*.txt
compresses all *.txt files from folder c:\dir\ and all it's subfolders.
Why can't 7-Zip use big dictionary in 32-bit Windows?
32-bit Windows allocates only 2 GB of virtual space per one application. Also that block of 2 GB can be fragmented (for example, by some DLL file), so 7-Zip can't allocate one big contiguous block of virtual space. There are no such limitations in 64-bit Windows. So you can use any dictionary in Windows x64, if you have required amount of physical RAM.
How can I install 7-Zip in silent mode?
For exe installer: Use the "/S" parameter to do a silent installation and the "/D=dir" parameter to specify the "output directory". These options are case-sensitive.
For msi installer: Use the /q INSTALLDIR="C:\Program Files\7-Zip" parameters.
How can I recover corrupted 7z archive?
There are some possible cases when archive is corrupted:
- You can open archive and you can see the list of files, but when you press Extract or Test command, there are some errors: Data Error or CRC Error.
- When you open archive, you get message "Can not open file 'a.7z' as archive"
It's possible to recover some data. Read about recovering procedure:
Other documents on this site:
- 7-Zip Manual /Methods.txt
- 7-Zip Manual /unRarLicense.txt
- 7-Zip Manual /copying.txt
- 7-Zip Manual /License.txt
- 7-Zip Manual /7zFormat.txt
- 7-Zip Manual /src-history.txt
- 7-Zip Manual /readme.txt
- 7-Zip Manual /lzma.txt
- 7-Zip Manual /7zC.txt
- 7-Zip Start Page
- Command Line Version User's Guide
- Exit Codes from 7-Zip
- Command Line Syntax
- -slp (Set Large Pages mode) switch
- Command Line Switches
- -sa (set Archive name mode) switch
- -sfx (Create SFX archive) switch
- -ssc (Set Sensitive Case mode) switch
- -m (Set compression Method) switch
- -bb (Set output log level) switch
- -sdel (Delete files after including to archive) switch
- -an (Disable parsing of archive_name) switch
- -slt (Show technical information) switch
- -o (set Output directory) switch
- -r (Recurse subdirectories) switch
- -i (Include filenames) switch
- -ax (Exclude archive filenames) switch
- -ai (Include archive filenames) switch
- -sns (Store NTFS alternate Streams) switch
- -stl (Set archive timestamp from the most recently modified file) switch
- -spf (Use fully qualified file paths) switch
- -ao (Overwrite mode) switch
- -scs (Set charset for list files) switch
- -so (write data to stdout) switch
- -w (set Working directory) switch
- -ssw (Compress files open for writing) switch
- -u (Update options) switch
- -scrc (Set hash function) switch
- -p (set Password) switch
- -sni (Store NT security information) switch
- -scc (Set charset for console input/output) switch
- -spf (Use fully qualified file paths) switch
- -v (Create Volumes) switch
- -t (set Type of archive) switch
- -- (Stop switches parsing) switch
- -stx (Exclude archive type) switch
- -y (assume Yes on all queries) switch
- -si (read data from stdin) switch
- -x (Exclude filenames) switch
- Command Line Commands
- b (Benchmark) command
- t (Test integrity of archive) command
- x (Extract with full paths) command
- e (Extract) command
- rn (Rename) command
- u (Update) command
- d (Delete) command
- l (List contents of archive) command
- h (Hash) command
- a (Add) command
- General Information
- 7z Format
- Supported formats
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
- License for use and distribution
- 7-Zip File Manager
- About Dialog Box
- Options Dialog Box
- Menu Items and Shortcut Keys
- 7-Zip Plugin
- Extract Dialog Box
- Add to Archive Dialog Box